Links to Genus Directory of Images:
Genera : 100 -150
Species: 3000 - 3500
Distribution: Pantropically, but concentrated in Australia. Planted extensively in the world's mediterranean climates.
Economic Uses: As spices and flavorings (eucalyptus, allspice and clove) and as ornamentals.
Defining Features of Interest: The family contains oil bearing glands that impart an especially strong scent to the leaves.
Fossil Evidence: Fossil plant parts from the Upper Cretaceous and the Tertiary.
Floral Features : Actinomorphic and perfect (rarely unisexual). Inflorescence as solitary flowers or in cymes or racemes. Epigynous or perigynous with an hypanthium present.
Fruit and Seed Features : Fruit a berry, drupe or a loculicidal capsule, or nut. Seed lacking endosperm. Placentation is axile or parietal.
: Habit as shrubs or trees. Leaves are simple, entire and alternate,
opposite or whorled. Stipules are lacki