Genera : 40 +/-
Species: 600 +/-
Links to Genus Directory of Images:
Distribution: Pantropically, but concentrated in South America and especially in Brazil.
Economic Uses: Cultivated as ornamentals
Defining Features of Interest: Sometimes divided into smaller families, the family is considered to be closest in characters to the Dipterocarpaceae.
Fossil Evidence: No known record.
Floral Features : Actinomorphic and perfect. The inflorescence as a pannicle, raceme or false umbel. Hypogynous.
Fruit and Seed Features : Fruit a berry or aggregate of drupes (rarely a capsule). Some genera with an enlarged, red and fleshy receptacle. Seed with endosperm present or lacking. Placentation is axile or parietal.
: Habit as shrubs or trees. Leaves simple, (rarely pinnately compound)
and alternate. Often leathery. Stipules are present.