Genu directories:

Dendrology directories:


Genera : 11 - 12

Species: 700

Distribution: Widespread in warmer climates and some in temperate regions.


Economic Uses: Extremely important as the source of tablegrapes, raisins and wine grapes. Commonly cultivated as well for the climbing ornamentals Virginia creeper and Boston ivy.


Defining Features of Interest: The family is mostly vines and is easily recognized by its distinctive leaf morphology and the tendrils opposite them.


Fossil Evidence: Seed and pollen fossils from the Eocene and some questionable fossils from the Upper Cretaceous.