Genera: 16 - 20
Species: 500 - 600
Distribution: Pantropical, with many species in tropical America, NE Africa and Malaysia.
Economic Uses: As a source of valuable timber and as the source of the well known incense and perfume resins- frankincense and myrrh.
Defining Features of Interest: The family has extensive resin canals and abundant resins, features it shares with the Anacardiaceae.
Fossil Evidence: Fossils
in the Eocene.