Balanophoraceae

 
 

 

Genera : 18 - 19

Species: 45 - 120

 

 

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Distribution: Pantropical.

Economic Uses: Rumored as an aphrodisiac, wax extracted from some species is burned as a source of light in Java.

Defining Features of Interest: The family is parasitic and non-green. It looks fungal and is fleshy, attached to the host tree roots by a tuber- like structure. The classification of this unique family is open to question.

Fossil Evidence: No known fossil record.